Assignment #4: Virtual Reality

What is VR?

Virtual Reality is a computer environment that represents, in a digital way, something that pretends to be real. It is generated by a person using special electronic equipment, such as a helmet with a screen inside or gloves fitted with sensors.

Virtual Reality at the Library

(Photo:Virtual Reality at the Library By:San José Public Library License CC)

Technology 

Technology is the application of a set of knowledge and skills through electronics with the objective to achieve a solution that allows the human being from solving a given problem until reaching a need in a specific area.

History

(Photo: Panoramic View of The Palace and Gardens of Versailles By:Peter Roan License CC)

Virtual reality has been a concept that has been developed throughout the years. It actually began in the nineteenth century when the idea was presented by Charles Wheatstone in 1838, when he began the development of the popular View-Master stereoscope (patented 1939), which was used for “virtual tourism”.

Before then, panoramic paintings were the earliest attempt at virtual reality, as they were 360 degree murals intended to make viewer feel like they were present.

Related image

(Photo: Borodino Battle Museum Panorama By:tripadvisor)

Later on, the concept of virtual reality was taken in 1929 when Edward Link created the “Link trainer” (patented 1931) probably the first example of a commercial flight simulator, which was entirely electromechanical. After that, the idea slowly started changing to a much simple concept, especially after the 1930s story by science fiction writer Stanley G. Weinbaum (Pygmalion’s Spectacles) was published, that presented virtual reality being seen through a pair of goggles.

In the mid 1950s cinematographer Morton Heilig then developed the Sensorama (patented 1962). Which was an arcade-style theatre cabinet that would stimulate all the senses, not just sight and sound.

Image result for morton heilig’s sensorama

(Photo:Sensorama-morton-heilig-virtual-reality-headset.jpg Created: 3 March 2016 CC BY-SA 4.0)

Since then, then the concept has been taken by several people who have slowly built this, to be a revolutionary invention in the 21 century.

Virtual reality today:

Apps

            WITHIN

Within LOGO

This app brings you immersive content from documentaries to fantasy.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.shakingearthdigital.vrsecardboard

 

 

     Youtube VR

YOUTUBE LOGO

The YouTube app offers 360-degree videos that simply require you to tap the cardboard icon to experience them  in.

VR.https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.google.android.apps.youtube.vr&hl=en_GB

 

Virtual Virtual Reality

logo vvr

This VR game for Google’s Daydream explores the relationships between the virtual world and humans.

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.TenderClaws.VVR&hl=en_GB


Experts on Virtual Reality

  • Twitter: @RealityVirtual
  • Twitter: @CanaryVirtual
  • Twitter: @RTPVR
  • Twitter:@Claybavor
  • Twitter: @SVVRLIVE

 

References

Ibáñez Gallén, M. (2017). Validación de la interacción verbal con un avatar en un     ambiente de realidad virtual para generar ansiedad social.  http://hdl.handle.net/10234/166800

Description: Actualmente existe una alta prevalencia del trastorno de ansiedad social (TAS), es por ello que en la última década se ha validado la eficacia de los ambientes virtuales (AV) como herramienta para realizar la exposición.

Sergio, C., Cristina, P., Silvia, R., & Marcos, F. (2017). Simulación de Plataformas Robóticas de Movimiento para Aplicaciones de Realidad Virtual Mediante Filtros Digitales. Revista Iberoamericana De Automática E Informática Industrial RIAI, Vol 14, Iss 4, Pp 455-466 (2017), (4), 455. doi:10.1016/j.riai.2017.07.001

https://doaj.org/article/4a8f7e906c904907ab85b531cc21d718

 

Description: El uso de plataformas robóticas de movimiento en simuladores de vehículos y aplicaciones de Realidad Virtual es relativamente habitual. Sin embargo, el ajuste de los algoritmos que controlan su funcionamiento, denominados algoritmos de washout, no es sencillo y requiere de numerosas pruebas hasta obtener una apropiada fidelidad de movimiento. Es por ello que este trabajo presenta un método para la caracterización y simulación de manipuladores robóticos mediante filtros digitales de segundo orden, sencillo de implementar y ajustar a partir de una caracterización previa.

Botella Arbona, C., Fernández Ramos, C., & Serrano Zárate, B. (2017). Efectos de la inducción emocional usando realidad virtual en la percepción de bienestar en personas vulnerables a padecer ansiedad y depresión.

http://hdl.handle.net/10234/166389

Abásolo Guerrero, M. J., Mitaritonna, A., Giacomantone, J., De Giusti, A. E., Naiouf, M., Perales Lopez, F. J., & … García Bauza, C. (2014). Realidad virtual, realidad aumentada y TVDi.http://hdl.handle.net/10915/41310
http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/41310

Description: La línea de investigación y desarrollo presentada consiste en estudiar, desarrollar y evaluar aplicaciones de realidad virtual, realidad aumentada, interfaces avanzadas y Televisión Digital Interactiva (TVDi). Uno de los principales objetivos es la formación de recursos humanos y fortalecimiento de la investigación mediante el trabajo intergrupal entre diferentes instituciones nacionales y extranjeras.

Obrist Bertrand, V. U., & Martínez Jara, E. A. (2015). Aplicación de la realidad virtual en una experiencia de aprendizaje.http://hdl.handle.net/10915/49065
http://sedici.unlp.edu.ar/handle/10915/49065

Description: El proyecto consiste en una aplicación que permite al usuario interactuar en un entorno virtual por medio de una interfaz web, en el cual se encuentran modelos en tres dimensiones que simulan distintas actividades. 

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